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Skin Tags, Moles, wart Removal

Skin tags/ Achrochordons

Other names are an acrochordon, cutaneous papilloma or cutaneous tag.They consist of a core of fibers and ducts, nerve cells, fat cells, and a covering or epidermis.
Skin tags are very common and generally occur after midlife. They affect men and women equally.

Some fast facts about skin tags

• A skin tag a small, soft, flesh-colored benign skin growth, often have a stalk.
• Skin tags are harmless,non cancerous but can be an annoying skin problem.

• Skin tags tend to occur on the eyelids, neck, armpits, groin folds, and under breasts.
• A person may have one to hundreds of skin tags.
• Almost everyone will develop a skin tag at some time in their lives.
• Middle-aged,adults are most prone to skin tags.
• As skin tags are usually harmless, removal is normally for aesthetic or cosmetic reasons.
• Getting rid of a skin tag does not cause more to grow.

Causes:

 • Hereditary,familial
• Obesity
• In pregnancy due to hormonal chages
• Hormonal disorders like Diabetes

Treatment:

• Cauterization: The skin tag is burned off using electrolysis
• Cryosurgery: The skin tag is frozen off using a probe containing liquid nitrogen
• Ligation: The blood supply to the skin tag is interrupted
• Excision: The tag is cut out with a scalpel

Moles

Moles are aslo called as Nevus.
Moles are growths on the skin that are usually brown or black. Moles can appear anywhere on the skin, alone or in groups.

Moles are small growths in the skin. They are a collection of cells called melanocytes which are melanin-producing cells..
Moles are usually brown or black in colour while others are skin-colored. They can be rough, flat, raised, and some can have hair growing out of them. They are generally round or oval, and have a smooth edge.

Types of moles

• Congenital (preseent at birth)
• Aquired moles (develop later in life)
• Atypical moles which are at a greater risk of becoming cancerous.

Fast facts on moles

• Most moles are hereditary.
• These growths are usually found above the waist on areas exposed to the sun. They are also found on the scalp, breast, or buttocks.
• Sun spots, which may be caused by severe sunburn are not moles.
• The majority of moles are harmless. In rare cases they can turn into an aggressive type of skin cancer called malignant melanoma.
• They should be checked regularly for changes in texture and appearance for early detection of skin cancer.
• Most moles appear in early childhood and during the first 25 years of a person’s life.
• It is normal to have between 10-40 moles by adulthood.

Treatment

A mole can be tackled with
• Shave excision –a small blade is used to cut around and under the mole. A technique commonly used for smaller moles. No sutures are needed.
• Excisional surgery (excision biopsy) – the mole with its surrounding margin of healthy skin is cut out using a scalpel or a punch device. Sutures are required.

Warts

A wart is a small growth that can appear anywhere on the body because of a viral infection by Human paillomavirus(HPV)
They can appear anywhere on the body and are contagious( can be transmitted through touch)

Types of warts

• Common warts (verruca vulgaris) :These type of warts have a firm, raised, rough surface and may appear cauliflower-like.
They can occur anywhere, but they appear most often on the areas subject
to trauma such as fingers,toes,elbows and knees.
• Plane warts (verruca plana):Plane warts are small,round,flat,and smooth. They can be yellowish, brownish or flesh coloured.
• Plantar warts :appear on the soles of the feet.They are flat and yellowish or brown in colour.
• Genital warts: They appear on private parts such as vaginal,penile or anal areas. They are flesh coloured or pink in colour.

Treatment

• salicylic acid application
• cryotherapy
• laser treatment
• immunotherapy
• Cauterisation
• excision.

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