Hyperpigmentation refers to patches of skin that become darker than the surrounding areas of skin. It occurs when the skin produces excess melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color. It can affect people of all skin types.
Hyperpigmentation is very common on skin of color, as darker skin tones already have a higher melanin content. Burns, bruises, acne, rashes, or other trauma to the skin can cause it to produce more melanin and lead to dark spots.
Hyperpigmentation's types include:
• Age spots
• Freckles and lentigens
• post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
Involves medical line of treatment and cosmetic treatment.
Medical line of treatment involves application of various skin lightening creams.
Some cosmetic procedures can also lighten areas of skin to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
Cosmetic procedures for hyperpigmentation include:
• laser therapy :Use of Q switched Nd yag Laser
• chemical peels: Such as glycolic peels,Yellow peel etc
Selection of treatment depends on type of hyperpigmentation and skin type.