Botulinum toxin (Botox, onabotulinumtoxinA) is a material that has been known for over a century and used for medical purposes for more than 50 years.
It is a US FDA treatment.
Botox is a protein made from botulinum toxin. They work by blocking the nerves that contract muscles, softening the appearance of wrinkles.
Botox is the brand name for the drug that first used botulinum toxin.
Other products include abobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport), rimabotulinumtoxinB (Myobloc) and incobotulinumtoxinA (Xeomin).
How does Botox works?
Botox blocks signals from the nerves to the muscles. The injected muscle can’t contract. That makes wrinkles relax and soften. Botox only works on wrinkles caused by muscle movements known as dynamic wrinkles and often called as expression lines.
These effects are always temporary but can last for several months. The muscle injected depends on the primary area of concern. Several areas can be treated in one session.
Why it's done?
The most common use of these injections is to temporarily relax the facial
muscles that cause wrinkles in the forehead and around the eyes.
It has both cosmetic and medical uses.
Who is the ideal candidate for Botox?
Anyone with good physical health and above 18 years of age is a most suitable candidate.
The effectiveness of the treatment may vary from one person to another.
Botox for cosmetic purpose:
It is used for aesthetic purposes to smoothed out facial lines and wrinkles.
Most common areas on the face treated with Botox injections are
• Around eyes(crow’s feet)
Medical conditions treated with Botox are:
• Cervical dystonia
• Muscle contractures
• Chronic migraine
• Bladder dysfunction
What are the complications?
Botox injections are relatively safe when performed by an experienced doctor.
Minor bruising or discomfort may occur but should improve within a few days. Other side effects may include:
• Pain, swelling or bruising at the injection site
• Droopy eyelid or cockeyed eyebrows
• Crooked smile or drooling
• Dry eyes or excessive tearing
• Double vision
• Neck pain
Contact your provider immediately if any of these side effects occur.
What is the aftercare for Botox injections ?
• Avoid touching or rubbing injection sites
• No physical activity for 24 hours
• Avoid facials immediately after injections
• No alcohol
When to expect the improvements?
It’s important to understand possible improvements and have realistic expectations. Noticeable results can be expected within 1-2 days post-treatment.
How long does the effect of Botox last?
The full effect of Botox Cosmetic typically lasts up to four months. It can also help prevent the return of fine lines through relaxing the muscles.
As muscle action slowly returns, the lines and wrinkles begin to reappear and need to be treated again.
Botox is a simple, safe, and effective treatment for reduction of fine lines and facial wrinkles.